The FES is 1 of 10 Social Climate Scales. For descriptions of the other scales, see The Social Climate Scales: A User’s Guide (Moos, 1994a). The FES is composed of 10 subscales that measure the actual, preferred and expected social environment of families.
These 10 FES subscales assess three underlying sets of dimensions:
Relationship dimensions, personal growth (or goal orientation) dimensions, and system maintenance dimensions.
The FES has three forms:
• The Real Form (Form R) measures people’s perceptions of their current family environment.
• The Ideal Form (Form I) measures people’s preferences about an ideal family environment.
• The Expectations Form (Form E) measures people’s expectations about family settings.
Form I and Form E are parallel to Form R; that is, each of the 90 items in Form I and Form E corresponds to an item in Form R. For example, the first item in Form R, ―Family members really help and support one another, “is rephrased in Form I and Form E as ― “Family members will really help and support one another.” The scoring keys and answer sheets for the three forms are identical.