The MAE is a relatively brief test battery designed to evaluate the presence, severity, and qualitative aspects of aphasic disorder. Three tests assess different aspects of oral expression—naming, sentence repetition, and verbal associative capacity; three tests assess oral verbal understanding; one test assesses reading comprehension; and three tests assess oral, written and block spelling. Speech articulation and the fluency-non-fluency dimension of expressive speech are rated, but not systematically sampled. Writing is evaluated from performance on the test of written spelling. As a comprehensive aphasia battery, the MAE complements the use of other tests of neuropsychological function developed at the Benton Laboratory of Neuropsychology. The Manual includes new normative standards for elderly individuals, data on the discriminative value of each test, and recent clinical research results.