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Vocational Preference Inventory™ (VPI™)

John L. Holland
14 - 65 Years
15 - 30 minutes
PRODUCT CODE: 20-1284-KT Category: Product ID: 9030




Assess career interests with this brief personality inventory. Clinicians and career counselors find the VPI to be useful in one-on-one counseling sessions with high-school and college students, as well as with adults. Although the VPI is similar to the Self-Directed Search® (SDS®), it is a psychological inventory, whereas the SDS is similar to a vocational counseling experience. The clinician scores the VPI, and the user scores the SDS. The VPI assesses five dimensions not covered by the SDS but offers a less comprehensive career assessment than the SDS.

The VPI consists of 160 occupations representing the six personality types in the RIASEC theory of personality as well as five additional dimensions. The theory states that people search for work environments similar to their personalities. VPI users decide if they like or dislike each of the occupations.

The VPI parallels other Holland instruments that match user interests to occupations. The Manual provides the most current research.

Administration/Scoring Options
The VPI user completes the inventory in just 15-30 minutes by simply recording occupational preferences in the all-in-one test booklet/answer sheet. For easy administration and scoring of the VPI, this booklet contains inventory items, a self-scoring carbonless answer sheet, and the male and female profile forms. In approximately 1 minute, you can hand score all 11 VPI scales: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional, Self-Control, Status, Masculinity/Femininity, Infrequency, and Acquiescence.

You can use raw scores from the six RIASEC scales with the SDS Form R Occupations Finder, The Leisure Activities Finder, and the Dictionary of Holland Occupational Codes to help clients explore career options and aid in career guidance.

The reliability and validity of the VPI are supported by a large body of research. Comprehensive data support the construct validity of the VPI scales, which have an average internal consistency of .88. The VPI has been normed in a variety of populations.

Additional information


John L. Holland


14 – 65 Years

Age Filter

Adolescent, Adult, Gereatric




15 – 30 minutes



Kit Content

VPI Manual and 50 Test Booklet/Answer Sheet/Profile Combinations.

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