The ROWPVT-4 is an individually administered, norm-referenced assessment of how well individuals can match a word that is heard (in English) to objects, actions, or concepts presented in full-color pictures (in a multiple-choice format). The ROWPVT-4 features additional items for younger children as well as for older adults, and it now features norms for elderly adults (80+ years). The ROWPVT-4 has been co-normed with the EOWPVT-4 to provide a comprehensive assessment of expressive and receptive vocabulary. Scoring is easy and straightforward, generally taking less than 5 minutes. Raw scores are reported as standard scores, percentile ranks, and, if necessary, age equivalents.